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Turks flee to election centers to vote for the Turkish local Elections on March 30, 2014 in Istanbul, Turkey. ID: 184712372

eContribution

By Krisztina Szipková

Freedom of Speech Questioned: Turkey’s Unrest under the Surface

Turkey held local elections on Sunday in which the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) won 44.8%, thus reaffirming its popularity. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said it is a clear victory for him and observers say that he may take it as a confirmation of his policies. It may also encourage him to go for presidential elections in August. However, there are voices questioning the elections, especially by the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) that was expected to do much…

Barack Obama on July 23 2008.Sderot is a frequent Palestinian rocket attacks target from Gaza Strip.In his visit he warned that nuclear-armed Iran will threat world security. Image ID: 143026309

Editors desk

By Mitchell Belfer

Does Obama Suffer from a Goldfinger Complex?

Reflecting on Aspects of the US’s Middle East Policy As President Obama took to the dais, scanned the anxious room and ploughed into his speech, not a whisper could be heard. Cairo’s al-Azhar University was still; the eyes of Egypt, the Middle East, the world, were transfixed on the representative, the epitome, of a changed America. Gone was the white-man’s-club of US decision-making and enter an American President who truly showed the face of American diversity. Everything was meant to be…

Supporters of Yulia Tymoshenko, former Prime Minister of Ukraine and presidential candidate during 'Batkivshchyna' party Congress in Kiev, Ukraine, 29 March 2014. Image ID: 184368824

eContribution

By Anastasia Yurina

Russian and Ukrainian Media Depictions of the Unfolding Crimea Saga - Part 4

31.3.2014 Politics 1tv.ru reports that the US National Security Agency spied on Yulia Tymoshenko when she was Prime Minister of Ukraine. It comprises of more than two hundred documents, primarily concerning her foreign policy negotiations. It has also been reported that Russia has evidence of the involvement of the “right sector” in the Kiev shootings during February’s events. Vesti.ru says that in Germany many taxpayers do not want to see Ukraine in the EU. After all, EU enlargement…

Conceptual view of the situation in Crimea.

eContribution

By Anastasia Yurina

Russian and Ukrainian Media Depictions of the Unfolding Crimea Saga - Part 3

21.3.2014 Politics According to1tv.ru, Russia will refrain from imposing a visa regime with Ukraine, even if Kiev introduces the same measure against Russians. Above all, there are millions of innocent Ukrainians who are not really wealthy, work in Russia and earn money to support their families, and these would suffer from the visa regime. Cooling of relations with NATO is not Moscow's initiative. The Alliance and Russia together have funded repairs of Soviet and Russian aircrafts and a…

Russia and Afghanistan

eContribution

By Jan Alekozai and Abubakar Siddique for RFE/RL

In Backing Crimean Accession, Afghanistan Eyes Own Irredentist Claims

Afghanistan has officially backed Russia’s annexation of Crimea, a move seen as an effort to advance its long-standing irredentist claims over Pashtun regions in neighboring Pakistan.   Afghan President Hamid Karzai's Chief of Staff Abdul Karim Khurram told Radio Free Afghanistan on March 24 that Kabul openly backed Crimea's annexation by Russia. He said that Karzai elaborated Kabul's position before a delegation of visiting U.S. lawmakers over the weekend.   "The President said that we…

Demonstration in support of the people of Ukraine and Crimea on the Kremlin Square in Vologda on March 10, 2014, in Vologda, Russia

eContribution

By Anastasia Yurina

Russian and Ukrainian Media Depictions of the Unfolding Crimea Saga - Part 2

18.3.2014 Politics (1tv.ru) The President of Argentine, Cristina Kirchner stated that all the peoples have a right for self-determination, which is enshrined in the UN Charter and should be applied to all countries. She compared the situation in Crimea to other events in contemporary history. (Vesti.ru) The US and the EU persist in their reluctance to admit that armed rebellion was organised because of the loss of control in Kiev. As a result, a puppet government was brought to power that…

Supporters of the old regime rally "against anarchy and disorder". The rally soon turned to support the Russian occupation of Crimea, 1st of March 2014

eContribution

By Anastasia Yurina

Russian and Ukrainian Media Depictions of the Unfolding Crimea Saga - Part 1

17.3.2014 Politics (1tv.ru) Referendum has reflected the democratic choice of the Crimean population. Classical example to mention here is Kosovo. The Western World made it possible to build an independent Kosovar state, and closed eyes on the violation of the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia. The USA and Europe found now a reason, why the region of Kosovo could secede. For Crimea, though, such path is impossible. (Vesti.ru) Ukrainian Foreign Ministry recalled its ambassador from…

All EU members flags in front of the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France. ID: 179573879

Issue 8:1

By Karel Müller

European Civil Society’s Conundrum: Public Spheres, Identities and the Challenge of Politicisation

ABSTRACT: This work draws upon the novel theoretical framework of European civil society which is based on the complementary concept of civil society. It claims that relations between the Europeanised public spheres, political identities and the politicisation of the EU present an intricate and crucial conundrum of the European civil society. While applying such a theoretical framework this work interprets the Europeanisation of identities, public spheres and national polities as mutually…

European Union flag on the background of old locked doors, ID: 	113095990

Issue 8:1

By Keith White – Hunt

How the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements Weakened the CFSP and Common Security and Defence Policy: A Socio-Economic and Geopolitical Analysis

ABSTRACT: From its inception defence and security related issues were a major concern of EU policy. However, it was the demise of the USSR that – between 1998 and 2004 – gave a major push to the evolution of the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). These changes, combined with the expansion of the EU spawned the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and propelled it forward in concept and operation as the “European Foreign Policy” under which the EU has conducted more than 20…

Restored area of Abanotubani in the Old Town in Tbilisi, Georgia. The area is one of the major tourist attractions of the city. ID: 180172868

Issue 8:1

By Natia Mestvirishvili and Maia Mestvirishvili

‘I am Georgian and therefore I am European:’ Re-searching the Europeanness of Georgia

ABSTRACT: ‘I am Georgian and therefore I am European.’ These words spoken by the late Georgian Prime Minister, Zurab Zhvania, in front of the Council of Europe in 1999. During the speech, he expressed Georgia’s EU aspirations and outlined the country’s foreign policy agenda for the next decade. Since the Rose Revolution (2003), Georgia has significantly deepened its ties to the EU. A number of foreign policy achievements such as the European Neighbourhood Policy, the Eastern Partnership and the…

Kosovo flag waving on the wind, ID: 161156288

Issue 8:1

By Vjosa Musliu and Shkëndije Geci

Deconstructing and Defining EULEX

ABSTRACT: Hailed as the greatest ESDP mission to date, the European Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX) has been oscillating between fulfilling its mission statement crafted in Brussels, while managing the controversial ethnic expectations of the local population in Kosovo. Because of its imposed “status neutral,” in its three years of deployment in Kosovo, EULEX is considered to have been largely more preoccupied with keeping a low profile, remaining invisible and not taking stances in an…

Grunge Turrkey Flag, ID: 	178053146

Issue 8:1

By Tomáš Kaválek

Turkish Foreign Policy towards the Iraqi Federal and Kurdistan Regional Governments in the post-2003 era

ABSTRACT: This article examines and compares the development of Turkish foreign policy towards the Iraqi Federal and the Kurdistan Regional Government (IFG and KRG) since the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Relations between Iraqi Kurds and Turkey have undergone remarkable (positive) changes since 2009. In contrast, relations to Baghdad – once cordial – began to deteriorate since 2009. This policy shift has occurred while the so-called “Turkish New Foreign Policy” gradually came to life since 2007.…

Mosque, ID: 168886922

Issue 8:1

By Unislawa Williams

The Fading Halo of Religious Elites: A Comparative Study of the Effect of the Religious Motivation on Nonviolence and Democratic Stability in Poland and Egypt

ABSTRACT: Why has the democratic transition in Egypt stalled?  The nonviolent nature of successful uprisings may be an important cause of the subsequent religious radicalisation and volatility of the new regimes. Nonviolent opposition can attract, and be sustained by, the involvement of religious elites. While such involvement can enhance the viability of a movement, it also builds the political capital of the religious elites, who can then influence the politics of the new regime. This is not…

Arab men on the waterfront.

Issue 8:1

By Mahmood Abdulghaffar

Clientelism within Arabian Gulf States and Beyond: A Comparative Study

ABSTRACT: Clientelism is a widespread phenomenon, often resulting from preexisting socioeconomic conditions such as inequalities, government dominance over the economy, and deficiencies in political institutions. State formation ushered vote buying into clientelistic behaviour and reinforced brokerage systems. This work synthesises the existing literature to examine theoretical aspects of clientelism and its applications in four regions, while providing comparative frameworks. A key conclusion…

Power of democracy

Issue 8:1

By Surulola James Eke

Rethinking the US’s Policy towards Iran’s Nuclear Programme

ABSTRACT: This work probes the motives of American opposition to Iran’s nuclear programme, and the major techniques deployed in attempting to force a new policy direction in Tehran. It faults the stated claim of the US that its antagonism to Iranian nuclear programme is a factor of the latter’s intercourse with terrorist groups; on the ground that the US assumed its antagonistic outlook towards the nuclear programme in Iran prior to the first known involvement of the Islamic Republic in…

Pearl Monument. The Monument was erected in 1982 during the third summit of the GCC and it was demolished by Government on March 18, 2011 on clashes with protesters

Editors desk

By Mitchell Belfer

Reflecting on Escalation and Conspiracies in Bahrain

On 31 December 2013 Bahraini security forces released information about their interception of a boat laden with explosives, detonators, guns and ammunition. The weapons cache came from Iran. For the neutral observer, such an interdiction indicated the active role the Islamic Republic was playing in Bahrain’s political turbulence. And yet, despite such clear evidence, the vast majority of commentaries related to the event sought to lay responsibility at the feet of Bahrain’s government (at best)…

Ukrainian revolution. Euromaidan, life on the barricades, Kiev Ukraine on February 21, 2014 . ID: 	178042820

eContribution

By Dylan Kissane (CEFAM)

The Real Lesson for Eastern Europe from Ukraine

As events in Crimea and Ukraine continue to draw the attention of the world, we can already draw some lessons from the constitutional crisis, the Euromaidan movement that provoked it, the sloppy EU foreign policy movements, and the reality of a re-emergent Russia.First, consider the crisis itself. The lesson here is that a democratic government remains answerable to the people and that sometimes those answers are uncomfortable, damaging and even entirely destructive to those the people once had…

2014 - Volume 8, Issue 1

About CEJISS

 The Central European Journal of International and Security Studies (CEJISS) was founded by Mitchell Belfer (Editor in Chief), David Erkomaishvili (Deputy Editor in Chief), Nigorakhon Turakhanova (Head of the Academic Centre) and Petr Kucera, in December 2006, as an autonomous wing of the Department of International Relations and European Studies at Metropolitan University Prague. The initial goal was to develop, and project globally, a uniquely Central European take on unfolding international and security issues. This entailed an initial “out-reach” programme to attract scholars from throughout the four Central European states – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and the Slovak Republic – to participate in the journal as authors and members of the Editorial and (then) Advisory Boards. By the time of the first issue however, it became clear that CEJISS was also capable of acting as a platform for non-Central European scholars to present their academic research to a more regionalised audience. From issue 1:1 in June 2007 until the present, CEJISS has become, quite literally, a two-way street—it helps Central European scholars enter international academia and international scholars enter Central Europe. This is reflected in the diversity of our boards, authors and readership; and that CEJISS has, over a seven year period, gone from a biannual to a quarterly publication indexed in major scientific citation bodies such as SCOPUS and EBSCO and available in nearly 1000 libraries around the world.

CEJISS now reaches an estimated 45000 people (annually) in more than 180 countries. It has expanded its contents to include: 
1) Academic Scholarship — between 6 and 8 peer reviewed, academic articles are published in each issue (in hardcopy and electronic formats)
2) Book Reviews — of the latest international and security literature by some of the leading publishing houses (in hardcopy and electronic formats)
3) eContributions—as short, non-peer reviewed, online commentary articles that reflect on international relations as it happens.

CEJISS is committed to Open Access and ensures that all of its contents – in both hardcopy and electronic formats – remain free: free to read, free to reproduce, free to print and free to quote. This has been made possible by the generous support of Metropolitan University Prague.

Cejiss is indexed in

Scopus Ebsco ISN ETH Zurich DOAJ

Published by

Metropolitan University Prague