Issue 8:4

By Surulola James Eke

Rethinking U.S. Policy Toward Iran's Nuclear Programme

ABSTRACT: A period of Western support for Iran’s nuclear programme gave way to opposition by the same world powers, when it was realised that alongside civilian use, the Islamic Republic was also pursuing a nuclear weapons programme. Driven by Tehran’s policy of aggression, in the Middle East and elsewhere, Western states with coordination from the US intensified pressure on Iran to discontinue the perceived weapons dimension of its nuclear programme. Years of stifling economic, scientific and…

Issue 8:4

By Nikola Hynek

Russia’s Deterrence by U.S. Followership? Decomposing the Czech Participation in Afghanistan

ABSTRACT: Decomposing and explaining the Czech involvement in Afghanistan’s post-war reconstruction is the key role of this article. Recently, the concept of strategic narrative has been gaining popularity in contemporary security analysis. Its applicability and its links to genuine motives for the Czech presence in the ISAF mission are to be considered. The situation in Afghanistan in relation to the state-building efforts has increasingly mirrored a war of attrition and political necessity to…

Issue 8:4

By Richard Lappin

Would External Intervention by Military Force to Protect Civilians in Syria be Legally Justified?

ABSTRACT: Anti-government protests erupted in Syria in March 2011, assuming a more formal nature following a violent government response that ultimately escalated into civil war. There is a broad consensus that the Syrian regime has committed crimes against humanity against its own population over the past two years. It has been reported that more than 100,000 people have been killed, that 1.7 million people have been registered as refugees, and that chemical weapons were used in the Ghouta…

Issue 8:4

By Přemysl Rosůlek

The Issue of Madhism within Shia Ideology and Ahmadinejad’s Doctrine

ABSTRACT: This article argues that the rise of Mahdism within Shi’a political Islam during Ahmadinejad’s era did not lead to a significant break with previous development. Relevance of Mahdism within Shi’a politicised and ideologised Islam in Iran has been on the rise since the second half of 20th century. The issue occurred in Shi’a political philosophy and theory prior to the Islamic revolution in Iran. In the post-revolutionary period, Mahdism became an inherent part of the Islamic political…

Issue 8:4

By Jan Ludvík

The Poverty of Statistics: Military Power and Strategic Balance

ABSTRACT: Military expenditures and the number of service personnel are the two most common features used to compare national military power. However, to what extent they reflect the real world remains a question. This article aims to provide the answer by using data on the great power conflicts of the last 160 years. The Correlates of War data are utilised to highlight that the relation between pre-war military expenditures and the numerical strength of armies on one hand and the outcome of…

Issue 8:4

By Jakub Drmola

Looking for Insurgency in Cyberspace

ABSTRACT: This work explores the conflicts in cyberspace. Its main objective is to lay out the concept of cyber-insurgency, which has been omitted from academia. It also examines other types of conflict present in cyberspace, for instance the issue of cyber-warfare, hacktivism and cyber-terrorism. Key distinctions, which are drawn between them and cyber-insurgency, lead to its formulation as a stand-alone concept. Crucial features of insurgency itself are based on David Galula's work. The…

Issue 8:4

By Andrew Bowen and Mark Galeotti

Latvia and Money Laundering: An Examination of Regulatory and Institutional Effectiveness in Combating Money Laundering

ABSTRACT: In the wake of the Cyprus bailout, illicit financial flows and money laundering have shown their systemic threat to the stability of not only the Eurozone but to the international financial system. Great attention is being paid to countries’ anti-money laundering efforts and on the stability of their banking sectors. This attention has increased with the revelation that Latvia is to become the latest member of the Eurozone due to its banking sector used to launder illicit capital.…

Issue 8:4

By Yahya Al-Zahrani

Saudi Arabia and the Arab Spring: Reshaping Saudi Security Doctrine

ABSTRACT: The Gulf regional strategic environment indicates that the balance of power is moving towards an inward concentration for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states while Iran attempts to fill the strategic vacuum created by the 2003 US invasion of Iraq. This work explores Saudi national security from different perspectives. The impact of population growth, new media and societal harmony in relation to a comprehensive approach to security are addressed. These multiple challenges facing…

Issue 8:4

By Irina Valko

Differentiating Arctic Provinces: A Cluster Analysis of Geographic and Geopolitical Indicators

ABSTRACT: Based on a geographical-administrative definition of the region, theoretical assumptions of contemporary structuralist geopolitics, cross-sectional data from the Arctic Regional Attributes Dataset (2000, 2005, 2010) and the technical capabilities of cluster analysis, this article aims to produce a 3 stage geopolitical differentiation of twenty-seven Arctic provinces. This is pursued with the help of sixteen indicators reflecting their performance in the physical, economic, demographic…

eContribution

By Mitchell Belfer

Entering a Season of Reflection

As Europe prepares for Christmas, it also remembers that it has a great responsibility to lead by example and not give in to the terrible pressures from extremism within Europe and beyond it. We at CEJISS hope that the pains of 2014 are amended in this holiday season.

eContribution

By Plamena Sotirova

On Witch-Hunting and Taking Responsibility - The Curious Case of Climate Change

Navigating the global agenda can be arduous. Pressing affairs require rapid reactions and national priorities tend to prevail over global challenges. So, how to deal with issues of an ambiguous nature that do not threaten each state equally but the world as a whole? It is a crucial, but a delicate question. As a result, agreement on climate change is mission impossible. Enter the UN. On 02 November 2014, Ban Ki-Moon, made an alarming forecast about the global climate future and the UN outlined…

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eContribution

By Nikol Chumová

Will Obama’s Legacy be the Rise of Homegrown Terrorism in the US?

Enter the irony of Obama’s universe; a President who is fighting Islamists on one side of the globe and forgets that the darkest place is directly under the light. The end of racism? The end of inequality? The election of Obama was supposed to be progressive for African Americans. Yet, it turns out that it does not matter what colour skin the President has. Hope was forthcoming –‘Yes we can’ become the opposite. Obama avoided the issue of race, trying to keep the rise of rightwing extremism in…

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eContribution

By Abubakar Siddique for RFE/RL

Former Adviser Sees An Outline For Pakistan, Afghanistan Settlement

  In his role as senior adviser to the U.S. special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, academic and author Barnett Rubin has pushed for reconciliation between the Afghan Taliban and Kabul. He now sees Afghanistan as ready to commit itself not to do anything against the territorial integrity and unity of Pakistan if it facilitates reconciliation with the Afghan Taliban. You have talked about cooperation between China and the United States regarding Afghanistan's future. What…

Global Health and International Relations

Book review

By Emel Elif Tugdar (West Virginia University)

Global Health and International Relations

Health is traditionally perceived as a domestic issue in politics. With the globalisation and increasing interdependence of states, health has become an important foreign policy and diplomatic concern that has implications for security, economics and international development. In recent years, the world has witnessed an increasing interaction between international relations and health due to the reasons such as involvement of intergovernmental organisations, impact of the transnational…

British Foreign Policy

Book review

By Andrei Babadac

British Foreign Policy

This work summarises the key elements of the British foreign policy making to date and, at the same time, deploys solid historical references, making a thorough introduction to the key actors and elements that shape it. This work is merely an introduction to the complexity of the mechanisms that put together make the contemporary British foreign policy. It aims to answer questions such as: who makes the foreign policy and what is the role of the British identity, at the same time addressing…

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eContribution

By Plamena Sotirova

The Not-So-Iron Curtain

A new division is emerging in Europe; it may be translucent, but just as formidable as Cold War barriers. The Europe of the 20th century casts long shadows which infiltrate the Europe of now. For the most part, that past stands as a stark reminder of collective mistakes and the collective memory of those mistakes pushes Europe forward. This formula has been accepted as gospel. Why then does Europe allow walls to spring up anew on the long road to workable integration? On the eve of a…

2014 - Volume 8, Issue 4