eContribution

By Abubakar Siddique, Qasim Khan Mandokhel and Ghulam Ghaus for RFE/RL

Pakistan's Minority Provinces Oppose Changes To China Trade Route

A series of major Chinese-financed infrastructure and development projects expected to change Pakistan's economic landscape has run into controversy. Leaders from two of Pakistan's minority provinces have called on the country's dominant eastern province of Punjab to refrain from changing the route of the China-Pak Economic Corridor. The 2,000-kilometer rail and road link will connect western China to Pakistan's newly developed Arabian Sea seaport, Gwadar. Politicians in the underdeveloped…

Issue 8:4

By Natalia Piskunova

Are the Pirates of Aden moving Beyond Somalia’s Shores?

ABSTRACT: This article focuses on trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf between 2009 and 2012. The research reviews the core actors, their activities and corresponding reactions of the local and international authorities. The study is based on analytical monitoring, which was conducted between 2009-2012 for the purpose of understanding the evolution of maritime piracy, the threats it poses and some of the international responses to it. Keywords: Piracy, The Gulf of Aden, Somalia, Navy,…

eContribution

By Sofia Vasilyeva (CEJISS)

Prague Vigil for Paris Victims

The events that have unfolded in Paris over the past days should act as a wake-up call in terms of European solidarity. It is not enough to talk the talk of a European Union that responds to the needs - both material and immaterial - of its members and its members citizens, Europe must truly, and unashamedly, walk the walk. The tragedy in Paris is felt throughout Europe sharply.

Muslim Nationalism and the New Turks

Book review

By Ahmet Gencturk, (Panteion University, Greece)

Muslim Nationalism and the New Turks

Since the popularisation of neo-liberalism in the late 1970’s the centricity of the nation-state has faced a comprehensive challenge. A key criticism holds that the nation-state is, by its very nature, incompatible with the concept of democracy since it seeks to create homogenous political communities. Adopting a more Western understanding of nation-state building, late (19th and early 20th century) Ottoman and, later, Kemalists followed a top-down approach. Islamism, which stands in…

Why Some Politicians Are More Dangerous than Others

Book review

By Katerina Kjirovska (independent)

Why Some Politicians Are More Dangerous than Others

James Gilligan, in his book Why Some Politicians Are More Dangerous than Others, sets out to solve a mystery: a murder mystery. He claims that ‘as cigarette smoking has been shown to increase the rates of lung cancer, so the presence of a Republican in the White House increases the rates of suicide and homicide.’ It is significant that the author of this book is a Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the University of New York whose aim was conducting research on suicide and homicide and…

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War? Perceptions, Prescriptions, Problems in the Congo and Beyond

Book review

By Katerina Krulisova (Nottingham Trent University)

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War? Perceptions, Prescriptions, Problems in the Congo and Beyond

  The academic and political recognition of sexual violence as a weapon of war undoubtedly marks a historical success of the activism of the feminist movement, widely defined. Sexual violence during armed conflicts represents an acute, and serious, global security problem that requires a coordinated policy action—such action, however, is only possible via prior recognition of the phenomenon as a threat and the subsequent securitisation of it. By moving from the unproblematic side-lining of…

The Hybridity of Terrorism

Book review

By Michael Becker (Northeastern University)

The Hybridity of Terrorism

  In recent decades, as the incidence and deadliness of terrorism have grown, so too has the academic literature on the causes, nature, and consequences of the phenomenon. In The Hybridity of Terrorism, Sebastian Wojciechowski proposes a new lens through which to understand terrorism. Breaking it down into several constituent parts (subject, actors, forms, causes, spaces, and features), each of which is the subject of one chapter, Wojciechowski argues persuasively that terrorism cannot be…

The Horn of Africa (Hot Spots in Global Politics)

Book review

By Kateřina Struhová

The Horn of Africa (Hot Spots in Global Politics)

  In The Horn of Africa Kidane Mengisteab, comprehensively introduces readers to the complex socio-political situation of the region. The book’s title may be somehow confusing for some readers, as traditionally the region consists of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and entities that emerged within Somalia. Mengisteab’s book however, covers a wider region – the so-called the Greater Horn of Africa – by adding Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya and Uganda to the previously listed countries.  The region is,…

Image ID: 1347631

Issue 8:4

By Surulola James Eke

Rethinking U.S. Policy Toward Iran's Nuclear Programme

ABSTRACT: A period of Western support for Iran’s nuclear programme gave way to opposition by the same world powers, when it was realised that alongside civilian use, the Islamic Republic was also pursuing a nuclear weapons programme. Driven by Tehran’s policy of aggression, in the Middle East and elsewhere, Western states with coordination from the US intensified pressure on Iran to discontinue the perceived weapons dimension of its nuclear programme. Years of stifling economic, scientific and…

Image ID: 127961564

Issue 8:4

By Nik Hynek

Deterring Russia by U.S. Followership? Decomposing the Czech Participation in Afghanistan

ABSTRACT: Decomposing and explaining the Czech involvement in Afghanistan’s post-war reconstruction is the key role of this article. Recently, the concept of strategic narrative has been gaining popularity in contemporary security analysis. Its applicability and its links to genuine motives for the Czech presence in the ISAF mission are to be considered. The situation in Afghanistan in relation to the state-building efforts has increasingly mirrored a war of attrition and political necessity to…

Image ID: 154815521

Issue 8:4

By Richard Lappin

Is There a Legal Basis for Military Intervention to Protect Civilians in Syria?

ABSTRACT: The anti-government protests that erupted in Syria in March 2011 assumed a more formal nature following the violent government response that ultimately escalated into civil war. There is broad consensus that the Syrian regime has committed crimes against humanity against its own population over the past four years. It has been reported that more than 200000 people have been killed, more than 2 million people have been registered as refugees and chemical weapons were used in the Ghouta…

Image ID: 169901381

Issue 8:4

By Přemysl Rosůlek

The Issue of Madhism within Shia Ideology and Ahmadinejad’s Doctrine

ABSTRACT: This article argues that the rise of Mahdism within Shi’a political Islam during Ahmadinejad’s era did not lead to a significant break with previous development. Relevance of Mahdism within Shi’a politicised and ideologised Islam in Iran has been on the rise since the second half of 20th century. The issue occurred in Shi’a political philosophy and theory prior to the Islamic revolution in Iran. In the post-revolutionary period, Mahdism became an inherent part of the Islamic political…

Image ID: 156797549

Issue 8:4

By Jan Ludvík

The Poverty of Statistics: Military Power and Strategic Balance

ABSTRACT: Military expenditures and the number of service personnel are the two most common features used to compare national military power. However, to what extent they reflect the real world remains a question. This article aims to provide the answer by using data on the great power conflicts of the last 160 years. The Correlates of War data are utilised to highlight that the relation between pre-war military expenditures and the numerical strength of armies on one hand and the outcome of…

Image ID: 138257015

Issue 8:4

By Jakub Drmola

Looking for Insurgency in Cyberspace

ABSTRACT: This study explores the rapidly developing area of conflicts in cyberspace. Its main objective is to outline the concept of cyber-insurgency, which has so far been missing from academic investigations. In addition, this work examines other types of conflicts present in cyberspace, including cyber-warfare, hacktivism and cyber-terrorism. Drawing key distinctions between these conflicts and cyber-insurgency enables us to formulate cyber-insurgency as a stand-alone concept. To this end,…

Image ID: 200146427

Issue 8:4

By Andrew Bowen and Mark Galeotti

Latvia and Money Laundering: An Examination of Regulatory and Institutional Effectiveness in Combating Money Laundering

ABSTRACT: In the wake of the Cyprus bailout, illicit financial flows and money laundering have shown their systemic threat to the stability of not only the Eurozone but to the international financial system. Great attention is being paid to countries’ anti-money laundering efforts and on the stability of their banking sectors. This attention has increased with the revelation that Latvia is to become the latest member of the Eurozone due to its banking sector used to launder illicit capital.…

Image ID: 123225238

Issue 8:4

By Yahya Al-Zahrani

Saudi Arabia and the Arab Spring: Reshaping Saudi Security Doctrine

ABSTRACT: The Gulf regional strategic environment indicates that the balance of power is moving towards an inward concentration for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states while Iran attempts to fill the strategic vacuum created by the 2003 US invasion of Iraq. This work explores Saudi national security from different perspectives. The impact of population growth, new media and societal harmony in relation to a comprehensive approach to security are addressed. These multiple challenges facing…

Image ID: 167348837

Issue 8:4

By Irina Valko

Differentiating Arctic Provinces: A Cluster Analysis of Geographic and Geopolitical Indicators

ABSTRACT: Based on a geographical-administrative definition of the region, theoretical assumptions of contemporary structuralist geopolitics, cross-sectional data from the Arctic Regional Attributes Dataset (2000, 2005, 2010) and the technical capabilities of cluster analysis, this article aims to produce a 3 stage geopolitical differentiation of twenty-seven Arctic provinces. This is pursued with the help of sixteen indicators reflecting their performance in the physical, economic, demographic…

Image ID: 219130510

eContribution

By Mitchell Belfer

Entering a Season of Reflection

As Europe prepares for Christmas, it also remembers that it has a great responsibility to lead by example and not give in to the terrible pressures from extremism within Europe and beyond it. We at CEJISS hope that the pains of 2014 are amended in this holiday season.

Image ID: 122042254

eContribution

By Plamena Sotirova

On Witch-Hunting and Taking Responsibility - The Curious Case of Climate Change

Navigating the global agenda can be arduous. Pressing affairs require rapid reactions and national priorities tend to prevail over global challenges. So, how to deal with issues of an ambiguous nature that do not threaten each state equally but the world as a whole? It is a crucial, but a delicate question. As a result, agreement on climate change is mission impossible. Enter the UN. On 02 November 2014, Ban Ki-Moon, made an alarming forecast about the global climate future and the UN outlined…

 Image ID: 233150818

eContribution

By Nikol Chumová

Will Obama’s Legacy be the Rise of Homegrown Terrorism in the US?

Enter the irony of Obama’s universe; a President who is fighting Islamists on one side of the globe and forgets that the darkest place is directly under the light. The end of racism? The end of inequality? The election of Obama was supposed to be progressive for African Americans. Yet, it turns out that it does not matter what colour skin the President has. Hope was forthcoming –‘Yes we can’ become the opposite. Obama avoided the issue of race, trying to keep the rise of rightwing extremism in…

2014 - Volume 8, Issue 4