Issue 10:2

By Alexey Khlebnikov

Why did the 2011 Egyptian Revolution Fail?

Abstract: This article examines why the Egyptian revolt of January 2011 was not a revolution. It shows that the revolt did not change the fundamental political structure of the country, which eventually ended up under military rule. Several theories of revolution will be presented and reasons for the revolution’s failure will be examined in historical, regional and domestic contexts. This work argues that several essential conditions for successful revolution and democracy promotion were not in…

Issue 10:2

By Martina Ponížilová

The Impact of Competition between the Regional Powers on the Middle East Regional Order, 1945–2010

Abstract: To understand the current character of the Middle East region, one has to have a clear picture of the context in which the prevailing order was formed. The relationships between parties have to be taken into account, as well as the dominant behaviour patterns of the entities and institutions that created and shaped the regional order, and interference from external forces. However, periods of stability and instability and on-going security issues that the region has not resolved are…

Issue 10:2

By Leonid E. Grinin and Andrey V. Korotayev

Revolution and Democracy: Socio-Political Systems in the Context of Modernisation

Abstract: The stability of socio-political systems and the risks of their destabilisation in the process of political transformation belong to the most important issues of social development. In this respect, the transition to democracy may pose serious threats to the stability of the respective socio-political systems. This article studies democratisation within a globalised context. It highlights the economic and social costs of a rapid transition to democracy for countries unprepared for…

Issue 10:2

By Samer Bakkour

Dynamics of the Middle East Peace Process in the Era of US Hegemony, 1950-2000

Abstract: This article begins with the observation that the US has, over the course of the 20th century, exerted an unrivalled influence upon international affairs. In exerting this influence, which is manifested within various dimensions (military, economic and technological), successive American administrations were able to pursue and consolidate US interests at the international level of governance. In this respect, it is telling that both advocates and critics of American power agree upon…

Issue 10:2

By Prem Mahadevan

Urban Counterterrorist Sieges: The 2008 Mumbai Attack and Police (In)Capacity

Abstract: The Mumbai terrorist attack of 2008 exposed key vulnerabilities in India’s defences against urban terrorism. Not only did it reflect an unprecedented degree of sophistication on the part of jihadist planners, but the attack also demonstrated that the Indian policing system was woefully inadequate for the task of combating suicidal assaults. This work provides an analysis of the tactical and operational aspects of the Indian security response, with a view towards identifying lessons…

Issue 10:2

By Šárka Kolmašová

Inconsistencies between Libya and Syria? Pragmatic Revisionism and the Responsibility to Protect

Abstract: The on-going debate on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) concept revolves around its problematic and inconsistent implementation, particularly while comparing the military intervention to protect civilians in Libya (2011) and the inadequate response to the Syrian crisis. The article traces the development of the R2P discourse in the context of key cases, which fundamentally shaped the interpretation of legitimate conditions for humanitarian military intervention. In contrast to the…

Cyber Policy in China

Book review

By Wonhee Lee

Cyber Policy in China

Greg Austin’s Cyber Policy in China provides an extensive and illuminating survey of China’s quest, since the year 2000, for informatisation—the process by which China is transforming itself into an advanced information society. With his chronological analysis, Austin neatly interweaves nearly 1,000 sources from China and the US, focusing on the interplay between ‘ideal policy values’ in China’s informatisation ambition and ‘leadership values’— such as regime stability, economic nationalism and…

Gridlock: Why Global Cooperation is Failing When We Need It Most

Book review

By Diletta Fabiani

Gridlock: Why Global Cooperation is Failing When We Need It Most

In Gridlock: Why Global Cooperation is Failing When We Need It Most, authors Thomas Dale, David Held and Kevin Young ask: Why are international negotiations increasingly stalling at a time when we desperately need them to efficiently tackle current global issues? According to the authors, international institutions are failing because they are in a state of ‘gridlock’—the concept defined as a ‘specific set of conditions and mechanisms that impede global cooperation in the present day’ (p. 3),…

Drone Warfare

Book review

By Daniel Connolly

Drone Warfare

Philosopher John Kaag and political scientist Sarah Kreps share the concern that drone technology is developing faster than our ability to understand its implications. The result of their collaboration, Drone Warfare (2014, Polity Press) is an interdisciplinary synthesis of the legal, political and moral arguments surrounding the United States’ use of armed drones to conduct targeted killings of suspected terrorists. Their treatment of US drone policy, while largely critical, is nevertheless…

What’s Wrong with the WTO and How to Fix It

Book review

By Unislawa Williams and LaDarrien Gillette

What’s Wrong with the WTO and How to Fix It

What’s Wrong with the WTO and How to Fix It by Rorden Wilkinson is not only a bold analysis of the failures of the World Trade Organization (WTO), but also a proposal for how to fundamentally reform it. According to Wilkinson, the primary goal of a reorganised WTO should be to improve humanitarian outcomes—not to increase and encourage free trade. If the aim continues to be on expanding free trade, with the expectation that humanitarian outcomes may follow, the system will continue to…

2016 - Volume 10, Issue 2