Issue 2014 - Volume 8, Issue 4

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Issue 8:4

Surulola James Eke

Rethinking U.S. Policy Toward Iran's Nuclear Programme

ABSTRACT: A period of Western support for Iran’s nuclear programme gave way to opposition by the same world powers, when it was realised that alongside civilian use, the Islamic Republic was also pursuing a nuclear weapons programme. Driven by Tehran’s policy of aggression, in the Middle East and elsewhere, Western states with coordination from the US intensified pressure on Iran to discontinue the perceived weapons dimension of its nuclear programme. Years of stifling economic, scientific and…

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Issue 8:4

Nik Hynek

Deterring Russia by U.S. Followership? Decomposing the Czech Participation in Afghanistan

ABSTRACT: Deconstructing and explaining the Czech involvement in Afghanistan’s post-war reconstruction are the key roles of this study. The notion of strategic narrative has recently been gaining popularity with security analysts. This work considers the applicability of this concept and its links to the genuine motives for the Czech presence in the ISAF mission. State-building efforts in Afghanistan have come increasingly to reflect a war of attrition and the political need to justify these…

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Issue 8:4

Richard Lappin

Is There a Legal Basis for Military Intervention to Protect Civilians in Syria?

ABSTRACT: The anti-government protests that erupted in Syria in March 2011 assumed a more formal nature following the violent government response that ultimately escalated into civil war. There is broad consensus that the Syrian regime has committed crimes against humanity against its own population over the past four years. It has been reported that more than 200000 people have been killed, more than 2 million people have been registered as refugees and chemical weapons were used in the Ghouta…

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Issue 8:4

Jan Ludvík

The Poverty of Statistics: Military Power and Strategic Balance

ABSTRACT: Military expenditures and the number of service personnel are the two most common features used to compare national military power. However, to what extent they reflect the real world remains a question. This article aims to provide the answer by using data on the great power conflicts of the last 160 years. The Correlates of War data are utilised to highlight that the relation between pre-war military expenditures and the numerical strength of armies on one hand and the outcome of…

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Issue 8:4

Jakub Drmola

Looking for Insurgency in Cyberspace

ABSTRACT: This study explores the rapidly developing area of conflicts in cyberspace. Its main objective is to outline the concept of cyber-insurgency, which has so far been missing from academic investigations. In addition, this work examines other types of conflicts present in cyberspace, including cyber-warfare, hacktivism and cyber-terrorism. Drawing key distinctions between these conflicts and cyber-insurgency enables us to formulate cyber-insurgency as a stand-alone concept. To this end,…

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Issue 8:4

Andrew Bowen and Mark Galeotti

Latvia and Money Laundering: An Examination of Regulatory and Institutional Effectiveness in Combating Money Laundering

ABSTRACT: In the wake of the Cyprus bailout, illicit financial flows and money laundering have shown their systemic threat to the stability of not only the Eurozone but to the international financial system. Great attention is being paid to countries’ anti-money laundering efforts and on the stability of their banking sectors. This attention has increased with the revelation that Latvia is to become the latest member of the Eurozone due to its banking sector used to launder illicit capital.…

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Issue 8:4

Yahya Al-Zahrani

Saudi Arabia and the Arab Spring: Reshaping Saudi Security Doctrine

ABSTRACT: The Gulf regional strategic environment indicates that the balance of power is moving towards an inward concentration for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states while Iran attempts to fill the strategic vacuum created by the 2003 US invasion of Iraq. This work explores Saudi national security from different perspectives. The impact of population growth, new media and societal harmony in relation to a comprehensive approach to security are addressed. These multiple challenges facing…

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Issue 8:4

Irina Valko

Differentiating Arctic Provinces: A Cluster Analysis of Geographic and Geopolitical Indicators

ABSTRACT:Based on a geographical-administrative definition of the region, theoretical assumptions of contemporary structuralist geopolitics, cross-sectional data for 2000, 2005 and 2010 from the Arctic Regional Attributes Dataset, and the technical capabilities of cluster analysis, this article aims to produce a 3-stage geopolitical differentiation of 27 Arctic provinces according to 16 indicators reflecting their performance in the physical, economic, demographic, military and institutional…

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Issue 8:4

Nuno Morgado

Vindicating Neoclassical Geopolitics, Challenging Postmodernism: A NewLook at an Old Problem

ABSTRACT: The objective of this work is to exhort the Academia towards a Neoclassical Geopolitics, both in terms of theory and methodology. The relevance of the problem – the validity of Neoclassical Geopolitics – is based on the hypothesis that geography influences the foreign policies of States. Such an assumption is then tested empirically. In terms of methodology, a “theory testing” approach is selected, through the hypothetico-deductive model from Popper, using essentially qualitative…

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Issue 8:4

Ostap Kushnir

From BSU to BSEC: The Evocation of Inter-War Geopolitical Fantasies

Abstract: This study charts the political, cultural and economic foundations of two inter-governmental bodies intended to emerge in the Black Sea region: the first, the Black Sea Union (BSU) was an idea developed by Ukrainian geopolitical specialist Yuriy Lypa before World War II. The second is the current Organisation of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) launched in 1992. By comparing these bodies, this research pursues three key goals: first, it traces the succession of ideas between…

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Issue 8:4

Hana Talandová and Milan Adámek

Shooting Training of CSI Staff

ABSTRACT: This article focuses on firearms training in the commercial security industry. The article is divided into three parts: in the first, the authors provide a description of firearms in the commercial security industry (hereinafter referred to as CSI). The second part presents and explores some general problems of training and orientation for the conditions of CSI. Analysis centres on target situations, types of targets, and the importance of stress and time elements. The final part of…

2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2