Issue 2012 - Volume 6, Issue 3-4

Citizens visiting to the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk who is the leader of the Turkish Independence War and the founder of the Republic of Turkey on 24 October 2012, Ankara

Issue 6:3-4

Burak Tangör

Turkey’s Role in European Security Governance

ABSTRACT: This article evaluates Turkey’s position in European security governance. In the post-Cold War period, the administration, coordination and regulation of security has been, largely, performed through such an approach which itself is based on three assumptions. Firstly, the meaning of security was altered in terms of its conceptual and political indications. Secondly, there emerged a need to define this change and the dynamics thereof. Thirdly, states and international organisations …

Cityscape of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Issue 6:3-4

Maja Ruzic

Bosnia and Herzegovina: From Military Conflict to Political Deadlock

ABSTRACT: This article engages in the ongoing debate about the overall value of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (GFAP), which is one of the most challenging issues in the contemporary peace studies scholarship. In order to support scholars who argue that the constitutional framework for the state-building process in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) offered through Dayton peace agreement did not contribute to the sustainability of the desired concept of…

Incheon, South Korea: The Incheon International Airport is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul National Capital Area, on August 24 2013 in Seoul

Issue 6:3-4

Jiří Brandýs

Defining an Individual Security Community: The EU and ASEAN in Contrast

ABSTRACT: This work seeks to reveal differences in the understanding of the concept of security between the EU and the Association of South East Asian States (ASEAN) and to adequately account for such differences. This work considers that ASEAN qualifies as a nascent security community confirming that the comparison to the EU is legitimate. The EU is presented as a community of states which puts heavy significance on human security, whereas security referent object in case of ASEAN is the state…

Silhouette of soldiers with vehicle

Issue 6:3-4

Marek Čejka

Divide et Impera?: Western Engagement in the Middle East

ABSTRACT: One, important, reason driving recent instability in the Middle East is the influence of Western powers on local actors. In the first half of the 20th century the UK and France held significant sway; during the Cold War the US and USSR were dominant. After the Cold War, the US emerged as the sole, dominating foreign actor in the region. What commonality was shared among all penetrating powers? The strategy of divide and rule was widely deployed. Such a policy was introduced by various…

Forestry and timber harvesting in Poland

Issue 6:3-4

Yossi Mann

The Polish Biomass Industry: The Case of Bobolice

ABSTRACT: The renewable energy industry has recently gathered momentum due to green awareness, the need to diversify energy sources and the rise in oil and gas prices. In many ways, the Polish biomass industry has greater potential than others new EU members (post-2004). Poland’s size, as well as its large population – the sixth largest in Europe – has attracted the attention of investors. Furthermore, the country’s agricultural characteristics, high dependence on foreign sources of energy, as…

Midtown Manhattan buildings including the UN Headquarters viewed from Roosevelt Island in New York, NY.

Issue 6:3-4

Shafa V. Gasimova

The Security Council’s Endless Enlargement Debate

ABSTRACT: Recent talks on UN Security Council reform mainly focused on enlargement issues based on the competing positions of the G4 (Germany, Japan, Brazil and India) and UfC (core members Italy, Pakistan, Mexico and Egypt); groups which seem unable to reach a compromise in the near future. Even if they did manage to cooperate such will not produce efficiency in the UNSC’s work, since the main shortcoming of the Council is not a number of its members but the sacred veto power of its P5. Indeed…

The European council parliament in Strasbourg, France

Issue 6:3-4

Tomáš Rohrbacher

The EU and the Alter-Globalisation Movement’s Actorness

ABSTRACT: This article deals with two actors – the European Union and the alter-globalisation movement – and their mutual relationship regarding recognition. Both actors profile themselves internationally as environmental and human and social rights defenders; they both create their own discourses, e.g. through the dissemination of documents and declarations. On a general level these discourses are very similar and therefore there is an assumption that both actors could seek support from each…

Muslim militant

Issue 6:3-4

Radana Makariusová and Zdeněk Ludvík

Non-State Military Actors: The Case of the 2011 Libyan Conflict

ABSTRACT: Non-state military actors (i.e. private military companies, contractors and/or militias) form an inherent part of the present global system. In many cases, however, the role and participation of non-state military actors appears to be rather ambiguous and unclear. In order to illustrate the activity of such actors we address the 2011 Libyan rebellion and focus on the increasing sphere of influence of non-state military actors, especially contractors and private military companies, in…

Erez Crossing: Palestinians Carry Palestinians Flags On Dec 31 2009.On April 2013, 132 (68.4%) Of The 193 Member States Of The United Nations Have Recognized The State Of Palestine. Stock Photo 146750888 : Shutterstock

Issue 6:3-4

Yahya Alshammari

Five Factors Affecting Stability and Security in the Middle East

ABSTRACT: There are five factors that affect security and stability in the Middle East. The first of these is the ticking bomb of sectarianism between the Sunni and Shiite strands of Islam, which have become more widespread in recent years due to the politisation of sectarian tensions and their transformation among some actors to a means to achieve political demands. Secondly, the impact of the Arab revolutions and the accompanying rise of Islamist groups through the new democratic tendencies…

flag of Somalia painted on cracked wall

Issue 6:3-4

Matia Vannoni

Failed States and Theories: The (Re)Securitisation of Underdevelopment

ABSTRACT: Over the past two decades, the term “failed state” has been popularised among both academics and policy-makers. This work seeks to adequately provide for the historical and cultural background driving the term and its theoretical and practical implications. However, the bulk of this work is concerned with questioning the analytical validity of the term “failed state” and argued that its creation was inextricably related to a phenomenon typical of the beginning and the end of the Cold…

Newspaper headlines - financial crisis

Issue 6:3-4

Christopher Whyte

Barriers to Recovery: Continental Crisis and Media Threat Inflation

ABSTRACT: From the wars in Vietnam and Iraq to the Arab Spring, recent history is full of examples of how media outlets interact with government processes to shape public opinion and constrain the practical avenues policymakers may take in domestic and international affairs. The recent European financial crisis cedes a unique opportunity to study both how media commentary is formulated and the effects it has on the policy choices of governments in international economic affairs. This work,…

Nice - 15 January: Tunisian Manifestants Rally The Street Of The City After The Runaway Of Dictator Ben Ali From Tunisia Yesterday Evening,15 January 2010 In Nice France Stock Photo 69040900 : Shutterstock

Issue 6:3-4

Miron Lakomy

The Arab Spring in French Foreign Policy

ABSTRACT: The Greater Middle East has traditionally played a major role in French foreign policy. Following WWI, the 3rd French Republic acquired Syria and Lebanon which created a foundation for political, economic and cultural ties between France and the Arab world. In the post-Cold War era, French diplomatic activity in the region was split into several main priorities which gravitated around being a solid mediator between Israel and the Arabs for the construction of a durable peace – via…

A hand drawn chalkboard shows multi-ratial people holding hands around the world to show care for the earth, peace, and unity. Shown off centered for copy-space.

Issue 6:3-4

Kamrul Hossain

Dynamics of Peace Management: From Interstate to Inter-Humanity Dialogue

ABSTRACT: Traditionally the term “peace” has been defined as the absence of war. Yet, “peace” is closely associated to the term “security” and although “peace” and “security” are both generally referred to in interstate affairs, “peace” is more deeply attached to civil society, since it ultimately suffers in the absence of peace. Peace cannot be confined by territorial limits; a breach of peace in one territory may have consequence in neighbouring lands and may give rise to regional tensions.…

European crisis 3D domino

Issue 6:3-4

Evaghoras L. Evaghorou and Nikolaos G. Mertzanidis

Balance of Power versus Complex Interdependence

ABSTRACT: Both the concepts of Balance of Power and Complex Interdependence attempt to describe the post-cold war international system. We select Offensive Realism (re: Mearsheimer) and Neoliberal Institutionalism (re: Keohane and Nye), for theoretically contextualising the aforementioned concepts. Through a critical evaluation in contrast with the realities of the current international system we answer the question of which of these two concepts could be identified as the most relevant. Our…

It is a lot of chessmen on a chess board. (are located it is horizontal). A black background.

Issue 6:3-4

Adam Cianciara

How the Strong Lose Wars: Transformative Goals and the Outcome of Asymmetric Conflict

ABSTRACT: This work proposes an explanation of strong actor failure in asymmetric conflict. It proposes and develops the hypothesis of transformative and non-transformative goals and shows the correlation between strong actor objectives and the outcome of asymmetric conflicts. The central argument of this work gravitates around the theme that strong actors are more likely to lose if it pursues transformative goals and, on the contrary, is more likely to win if it pursues non-transformative…

Serbian Parliament Building in Belgrade, Serbia.

Issue 6:3-4

Vladimir Dordevic and Danko Aleksic

Values of the Belgrade Regime

ABSTRACT: This article evaluates the legacy of Slobodan Milošević whose regime ruled Serbia for more than a decade from the end of the 1980s until 2000. The article briefly examines the main political and social aspects of the Milošević regime and analyzes a value equation by questioning the social values of Serbia in the 1990s. The main argument presented here is that years of Milošević’s rule produced catastrophic consequences for Serbian society that came to champion uncivic, non-democratic,…

Political issues series: 'anti-nuclear' concept with EU lettering.

Issue 6:3-4

Laz Etemike

The Politics of Nuclear Non-Proliferation

ABSTRACT: Since the explosion of the first atomic weapon the international system has been saddled with perceived threats to national security based around weapons of mass destruction (WMD). This is best seen through the spate of interest by countries to develop nuclear weapons. Hence, nuclear deterrence dominated the cold war calculus of international security. Even with the nuclear states the perception of safety in a nuclear world is illusory. A series of attempts have been made at arms…

2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2