Issue 2012 - Volume 6, Issue 2

Image of two male security Guards with bright tops on.

Issue 6:2

Oldřich Bureš

Private Security Companies in the Czech Republic: An Exploratory Analysis

ABSTRACT: Czech private security companies have thus far received relatively little attention both internationally and, until recently, domestically. This article attempts to fill this gap by analysing the key characteristics of the market with more than 6,000 private security companies that together account for more employees than the Czech national police force. It first shows that the origins of the current Czech market for private force are intrinsically linked to the end of the Cold War…

Smoldering, Ruins of NY WTC at Ground Zero on 9-18-2001

Issue 6:2

Robert Nalbandov

Terrorism 2.0 in Eurasia

ABSTRACT: “New” terrorist organisations, characteristic of the post-Cold War period, sharply contrast with their more traditional (“old”) predesessors in Europe and Russia. These latter European terrorist groups (termed here as Terrorism 1.0) were mostly: sovereignty/ideology-driven, geographically limited, and distinguished their targets from victims. However, at the end of the 20th century such “old” groups were replaced, in Europe, by “new,” civilisational, organisations which deploy…

A rating agency has awarded the "3a" letters. triple-a rating from a rating agency.

Issue 6:2

Stephen P. Ferris and Ray Sant

The New Terrorist Threat: Destruction of Western Credit Ratings

ABSTRACT: This work describes how capital terrorists and/or adversarial nations could use Western capital markets to injure Western economies and limit international power projections. Specifically, we analyse a particular vulnerability of international capital markets, the market for sovereign debt, which is the market for the government debt of individual sovereign states. We describe how this market can be attacked by capital terrorists through the intentional manipulation of the process by…

Central Intelligence Agency

Issue 6:2

Caterina Mazza

The Abu Omar Case and “Extraordinary Rendition”

ABSTRACT: In 2003 Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr (known as Abu Omar), an Egyptian national with a recognised refugee status in Italy, was been illegally arrested by CIA agents operating on Italian territory. After the abduction he was been transferred to Egypt where he was interrogated and tortured for more than one year. The story of the Milan Imam is one of the several cases of “extraordinary renditions” implemented by the CIA in cooperation with both European and Middle-Eastern states in order to…

Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Yugoslavian Citizens March Through The Streets Of The Capital Belgrade Today In Protest Against Nato Airstrikes On 29/3/1999. Nato Air-Strikes Have Entered Their Fifth Day.

Issue 6:2

Veronika Bilkova

Some Caution, Please: Applying the Concept of Moral Hazard to Humanitarian Intervention

ABSTRACT: The concept of moral hazard, born in insurance studies, has recently been adopted by international relations theory where it is primarily applied to humanitarian intervention. This article cautions against too hasty an embracement of the concept by IR scholars. Arguing that important theoretical differences exist between the original and the new milieu in which the concept is used, the text suggests that the concept needs to be de(re)fined to better capture the reality of humanitarian…

Zimbabwe on the map.

Issue 6:2

Francesco Giumelli and Kryštof Kruliš

Understanding Success of Targeted Sanctions: The EU in Zimbabwe

ABSTRACT: The European Union (EU) imposed sanctions on Zimbabwe in 2002 and this article aims at evaluating the success of that decision. Applying a broader definition of success, this article assumes that sanctions can coerce, constrain and signal. Contrary to most of the literature holding that sanctions are imposed to change the behaviour of targets, this article argues that the sanctions on Zimbabwe appear to have been motivated by a constraining logic and, thus, what to expect from them…

Hungary flag waving on the wind

Issue 6:2

Péter Marton

Hungary’s Post-2001Ratification Challenges: Lessons Concerning the V4-Nato Relationship

ABSTRACT: Hungary and the other Visegrad countries (V4), over the past decade, participated in coalition military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, but not Libya. This article examines how this has impacted Hungary’s standing in the North Atlantic Alliance, and to this end deploys the concepts of “two level games” and “ratification” as deployed throughout the political sciences, particularly in Putnam’s works. This work adapts these concepts to show how a key challenge of Hungarian foreign…

Modern city at sunrise,Shanghai skyline.

Issue 6:2

Miloš Balabán

Global Power Transformations: Political, Economic and Security Dimensions

ABSTRACT: International relations are in the midst of tremendous transformation; to the distribution of political, economic and military power. This work traces such changes by looking at a wide series of indicators and seeks to explain - in a predictive manner - how the international environment will settle in the decades to come. Certainly, such predictive work is not meant to provide a stubbornly defended “truth.” Instead, this work should be read as a contribution to international relations…

Power of democracy

Issue 6:2

Stephen McGlinchey

Building a Client State: American Arms Policies Towards Iran, 1950–1963

ABSTRACT: Precious little has been written in academic scholarship about the US arms relationship with Iran. Much of the scholarly focus has been drained into an orbital vortex caused by twin crises in Iranian history: the 1953 British and American sponsored coup and the preceding oil blockade, and the 1979 Islamic revolution that swept the Shah from power. Hence, the years in-between 1953 and 1979 are often treated only in passing. A major feature of this period was an ever escalating arms…

2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2