Issue 2011 - Volume 5, Issue 3

Israeli and Iranian flags.

Issue 5:3

Christopher Whyte

Why Isreal Fears a Nuclear Iran: Realism, Constructivism & Iran’s Dual-National Identity

Abstract: This work compares and contrasts the theoretical models of realist and constructivist thought within international relations theory as they relate to the subject of Iranian nuclear proliferation. The spread of nuclear weapons to Iran and to the Middle East represents a unique international security dynamic that has not otherwise existed in the brief history of proliferation. Stratification of political, economic and cultural power at the regional and national levels alters the nature…

ZAGREB, CROATIA: Facebook homepage, one of the biggest social network website on June 9, 2011 in Zagreb, Croatia.

Issue 5:3

Akbar Valadbigi & Shahab Ghobadi

Civic Activism, Social Capital & Social Media in the Modern MENA Region

Abstract: The unfolding unrest in the Middle East opened up new debates on the relationship between social capital and civil society. This work has a threefold focus: first, it explores how the existing stock of social capital spurred on the contemporary civic activities in the search of constructing stable democracies across the Middle East; second, it examines how civic movements in this region can contribute to increasing the current deficit of social capital; and third, it analyses the…

Washington, DC: Barack Obama speaks at Sojourners and Call to Renewal's Pentecost 2006: Building a Covenant for a New America anti-poverty conference in Washington on June 26, 2006

Issue 5:3

Ibrahim A. El-Hussari

Remaking US Foreign Policy for a Fresh Start with the Muslim World: Linguistic and Discursive Features of Obama’s Cairo Speech

Abstract: Since his inaugural speech on 20 January 2009, Barack Obama has consistently kept the eloquence of his political speech that addresses the issue of change and the need to remake America by reintroducing it to itself and the world at large. In his Cairo Speech, delivered from the most populous Arab country, and in which he addresses a new beginning with the Arab and Muslim worlds, Obama continued to use the same linguistic choices to effect a change in the foreign policy of his…

White House

Issue 5:3

Arif Mammadov

Democracy & Human Rights Promotion in US Foreign Policy

Abstract: This article delves into the driving forces behind the US’s human rights and democracy promotion policy. To facilitate the investigation of this work, liberal internationalism is deployed. This theoretical framework has been selected because of its insistence on the logic of consequences and this work’s recognition that democracy promotion is not an instinctively altruistic policy choice of the US. Also, the history of human rights and democracy promotion in US foreign policy is…

The Old Bridge in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Issue 5:3

Bedrudin Brljavac

Europeanisation, Bosnian Style

Abstract: There is a wealth of literature criticising European Union (EU) member states for not speaking “with a single voice” regarding foreign affairs priorities. This work is yet another contribution to such scholarship though its direction, analysing EU approaches to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) via the Europeanisation process, is unique. The assumption of this work holds that the EU is deeply divided, incoherent, and weak, in terms of its Europeanising policies in BiH which itself plays a…

Military helicopter with EU flag

Issue 5:3

Marco Marilli

The Potential Use of PMSCs to Fulfill the EU's Security Strategy

Abstract: The EU is facing a gap between its security ambitions and the reality of its military capabilities. It is often argued that the suitably regulated use of Private Military Companies and Private Security Companies (PMSCs) by international organisations would prove beneficial for cost savings and the removal of an organisation’s dependence on voluntary and poorly equipped contributions from Member States. This work provides a policy recommendation to the use of PMSCs both by Member…

EU - European Union

Issue 5:3

Dan Lazea

EU External Relations from Non-Intervention to Political Conditionality

Abstract: The international system developed after the Peace of Westphalia placed at its core the idea that nation-states are equal units that cannot intervene in the internal affairs of other states, an idea which ultimately led to the conclusion that international anarchy is a reality of international affairs. Is political conditionality, as developed over the past decades, compatible with the Westphalian philosophy? If not, how has political conditionality succeeded in challenging the…

Tyr, Lebanon: Unidentified Turkish UN vehicle on patrol on October 21, 2006 in Tyr, Lebanon

Issue 5:3

Ivar Scheers

Peacekeeping & Jus Post Bellum: Towards a Concept of Rules in Post-Conflict Situations

Abstract: This article argues that post-conflict peacekeeping should be seen as highly valuable for further developing jus post bellum, since the UN is the main actor in contemporary post-conflict situations. It elaborates on the historical background of jus post bellum, as well as the revival of the concept within just war theory. Subsequently, it argues that the visible movement towards jus post bellum, making distinctions between the different parts of the just war theory, as well as…

2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2