Issue 2016 - Volume 10, Issue 3

Issue 10:3

Kingsley Emeka Ezemenaka and Jan Prouza

Biafra’s Resurgence: State Failure, Insecurity and Separatist Agitations in Nigeria

Abstract: This work critically examines the issues undermining the unification of Nigeria, using indicators and concepts including failed state, separatist agitation and insecurity. It forays into the inherent issues underlying the Biafran movement and the ways in which those issues, as well as Biafran agitation, are inimical to Nigeria's development. Nigeria is a heterogeneous nation facing challenges within the balance of economic development along ethnic divisions in society. The current…

Issue 10:3

Yulia Boguslavskaya

NATO and Environmental Security: Understanding the Limits of the Alliance`s Transformation during Détente

Abstract: The article explores the founding of NATO’s Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (CCMS). The founding of CCMS made NATO—an organisation which was established mainly for territorial defence—deal with the issue of environmental protection. Thus, NATO received, for the first time, a task that was global in its nature and unrelated to its primary traditional concern: the security of its member states. Earlier research has emphasised opposition to the US proposal to establish the…

Issue 10:3

Siarhei Bohdan and Gumer Isaev

Criminal, Religious and Political Radicalisation in Prisons: Exploring the Cases of Romania, Russia and Pakistan, 1996-2016

Abstract: Ironically, prison and imprisonment plays a significant in role in the development of radicalised and extremist individuals and movements—a point highlighted by the recent enquiry into the radicalisation process of Islamists in Europe. The fact that prison might act as a ‘school of crime’ is one of the most debated issues in the field of penology and has begun to impact decision making in the areas of judicial affairs, social work, policing and public policy more generally. The state…

Issue 10:3

Piercamillo Falasca, Lorenzo Castellani, Radko Hokovsky

European Union at Risk: The Judiciary under Attack in Romania

Executive Summary Many of the methods used by the Communists in Romania pre-1989 to create a politicised system of justice and law enforcement are still in existence in contemporary Romania. The control of judicial institutions and the subordination of the rule of law by the Romanian executive and its agencies continues to present a major challenge to attempts at reform. In particular, the use of the justice system by the Romanian executive, and its agencies, to destroy political…

Issue 10:3

Alexey Khlebnikov

Why did the 2011 Egyptian Revolution Fail?

Abstract: This article examines why the Egyptian revolt of January 2011 was not a revolution. It shows that the revolt did not change the fundamental political structure of the country, which eventually ended up under military rule. Several theories of revolution will be presented and reasons for the revolution’s failure will be examined in historical, regional and domestic contexts. This work argues that several essential conditions for successful revolution and democracy promotion were not in…

Issue 10:3

Martina Ponížilová

Regional Power Competition and the Middle East Regional Order, 1945–2010

Abstract: To understand the current character of the Middle East, a clear picture of the context in which the prevailing order was formed is necessary and the relationships between parties, the dominant behaviour patterns of the entities and institutions that created and shaped the regional order and interference from external forces must be taken into account. However, the periods of stability and instability and unfolding security issues are best explained the by power, ambition, behaviour…

Issue 10:3

Leonid E. Grinin and Andrey V. Korotayev

Revolution and Democracy: Socio-Political Systems in the Context of Modernisation

Abstract: The stability of socio-political systems and the risks of destabilisation in the process of political transformation are among the most important issues of social development; the transition to democracy may pose a serious threat to the stability of a respective socio-political system. This article studies the issue of democratisation. It highlights the high economic and social costs of a rapid transition to democracy for countries unprepared for it—democracy resulting from…

2016 - Volume 10, Issue 4