Issue 2008 - Volume 2, Issue 1

Issue 2:1

Jana Prehnalova and Vendula Nedvedicka

Another European Cross-Road? Kosovo on the Brink of Recognition and Chaos

The current situation facing Kosovo is the result of a long historic process which essentially began several hundred years ago. This process accelerated following the break-up of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. While the series of conflicts between Croats, Serbs and Bosniaks resulted in national independence for the six Yugoslav Republics, Kosovo remained an inseparable part of Serbia, despite its strong independence oriented identity. This was to change…

Issue 2:1

Michaela Radouchova

A Comment on Energy Security in the EU

Developments in international economic, industrial, political and military affairs largely depend on the access states and other political communities have to energy supplies. Such wide-scale dependency increases the acuteness of competition between international actors for the remaining fossil fuel resources. This competition has led to the massive rise in the price of petroleum for states and by extension, consumers. Together, competition and price rises has already begun to strain the…

Issue 2:1

Jeremy Zorby

Can Any Candidate End the Persistence of America's Tragic Diplomacy?

While scandals, failed military interventions, and public cynicism can characterize the terms of several Presidents in American history, few will stand out more than the two terms of George W. Bush. After September 11th 2001, the President quickly went from a public approval rating of less than 50% to nearly 90%. No other president – except for his father – had experienced such a manic shift in the pendulum of public support. Because of this, some historians began to make the claim…

Issue 2:1

Petr Just

2008 Czech Presidential Elections: A Commentary

Again after five years, the attention of the Czech public and politicians was focused on the Presidential elections, one of the most important milestones of 2008 in terms of Czech political developments. The outcome of the last elections in 2003 was a little surprising as the candidate of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), Vaclav Klaus, represented the opposition party without the necessary majority in both houses of Parliament. Instead, the ruling coalition of the Czech Social Democratic Party …

Issue 2:1

Yulia Zemlinskaya

Between Militarism and Pacifism: Conscientious Objection and Draft Resistance in Israel

The outbreak of the Palestinian Intifada in 2000 prompted many Israelis to object to Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories by refusing their reserve call-up or by resisting the draft. They have established and were active in four social movements (Yesh Gvul, Courage to Refuse, New Profile and Shministim) which supported conscientious objectors and draft resisters as well as argued against Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories. By analyzing a total of 87 in-depth…

Issue 2:1

Atsushi Yasutomi

Linking DDR and SSR in Post-conflict States: Agendas for Effective Security Sector Reintegration

According to the UN's Integrated Operational Guide to DDR Standards (IDDRS), DDR seeks to create security and stability in post-conflict environments, and to start recovery and development, by getting the former combatants to comprehensively disarm and providing them with opportunities for sustainable social and economic reintegration into civilian life. The disarmament process includes the collection, documentation, control and disposal of small arms and light weapons (SALW) and ammunitions of…

Issue 2:1

Milos Balaban

The Conflicting Rebirth of Multipolarity in International Relations

The process of constructing a new multipolar world, which will probably take decades to complete and whose boundaries may only become clear by 2020, is just as important as the process which ended the Cold War some 20 years ago. The United States, as the only global superpower, is increasingly confronted by the growing influence of Asia, with a clear dominance of China and the mounting importance of India. After the chaos of the first post-Soviet decade, Russia is resuming its role as an…

Issue 2:1

Ibrahim A. El-Hussari

President Bush's Address to the Nation on U.S. Policy in Iraq: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach

The reasons for selecting this political speech are simple. Firstly, it was delivered in the wake of the latest U.S. Senate Elections, the result of which gave the Democrats a slim majority in Congress for the first time since the Presidential Election of 2000. Secondly, the over-all situation in Iraq had been deteriorating drastically since the Fall of Baghdad in April 2003. Besides trillions of dollars budgeted to spend on the invasion and meet the aftermath obligations, the invasion had…

Issue 2:1

Jana Hynkova-Dvoranova

The Lisbon Treaty and the Future of EU Enlargement

Each institution entitled to decide by QMV has its decision-making principle tailor-made. The specific set-up is defined while forming (or re-forming) the given institution and it is determined by several factors. The latter may entail the function of the institution, its inner organisation set-up, statute, etc. These factors are case-specific and their specification is relevant with regards to actual functioning of the decision-making process and its efficiency. As this paper does not aspire…

Issue 2:1

Gautam Acharya

The Adequacy of Aviation Security Laws and Airport Security

The era of sustained controlled powered flight began little more than a hundred years ago. Since then the civil aviation industry has grown into a sector of immense importance. As flight trajectories and planes themselves took on a more complex character, airports too had to evolve to accommodate the growing number of destinations and flights served, and passengers imposed upon them. Later, when aircraft started to become the targets of terrorist operations, lawmakers sought solutions in…

2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2