Issue 2007 - Volume 1, Issue 1

Issue 1:1

Nigorakhon Turakhanova

Uzbekistan: An Important Regional and International Actor

As an Uzbek national I often encounter questions regarding the current situation, and regional and international significance of Uzbekistan. Precious little information and knowledge is readily available, and many people seem to confuse other regional conflicts, for example in Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan or Pakistan with the current state of affairs in Uzbekistan. However, understanding the regional and international role of Uzbekistan may be interesting and significant for those seeking to advance…

Issue 1:1

David Erkomaishvili

History under the Threat of Politics

There is a church in the centre of Prague, near Karlovo Namesti. One who is unfamiliar with its history may simply pass it by. As many buildings in Prague, it is charming; retaining its own history and specificity. Nevertheless, there is a unique story attached to this particular church. On the south wall of the building there remains the physical manifestation of a chapter in its history, as bullet holes scar the façade, while fresh flowers sit under the memorial notice plaque. This is…

Issue 1:1

Michal Mravinac

The Peace Process in Northern Ireland: A Real Breakthrough?

Although ‘friendship’ was not on offer, March 26th 2007 witnessed a historical moment when leaders of the two main parties representing rival factions of society in Northern Ireland sat down at the same table. Who would ever have imagined Ian Paisley, a hawkish protestant cleric heading the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), who has always refused dialogue with radical Irish republicans, and Gerry Adams of Sinn Fein, the political wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), discussing…

Issue 1:1

Petr Kucera

US Missile Defence in Central Europe: A Comment

Three different missile defence systems are currently operational or under construction within the European theatre. These are: 1) NATO Missile Defence, 2) NATO Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence and, 3) an American Missile Defence initiative (achieved bilaterally). Recently, the American system caused fervour among security experts of the European Union and NATO, particularly as Central European states competed for inclusion in the American initiative. The participation of newly acceded…

Issue 1:1

David Rabinowitz

Small Scale Successes and Hope in the Horn of Africa

In November 2006, I traveled to Ethiopia to join an international medical mission organized by ‘Operation Smile;’ a twenty-five year old, non-profit organization, based in Norfolk, Virginia, which provides free cleft palette and cleft lip surgery to the economically disadvantaged worldwide. Teams consist of plastic surgeons, nesthesiologists, nurses, students, medical record organizers and a range of other professionals and assistants. I had been charged with a photography mission,…

Issue 1:1

Oldrich Bures

EU Counterterrorism Policy and the 2004 Eastern Enlargement

The European Union’s counterterrorism policy can be traced to the early 1970s, when the European Political Cooperation (EPC) came into being. The initial impetus for greater intergovernmental cooperation among Member States was the growth of terrorist incidents perpetrated by indigenous Western European as well as Middle Eastern organizations in the late 1960s and early 1970s. By the mid-1970s, the European Communities (EC) Member States had become dissatisfied with the existing international…

Issue 1:1

Mitchell A. Belfer

Conscription and European Security: A Theoretical First-Step

In the 18 year process of European reintegration, military conscription – as a feature of the European political scene – has largely vanished. The evaporation of sizeable, conscripted militaries reflects the widespread belief that conscription is a political, economic and military anachronism reminiscent of times of great continental insecurity and international militarism which are no longer considered valid sources of European identity. Instead, security identities in post-Cold War Europe are…

Issue 1:1

Rouba Al-Fattal

The Privatization of Peace: Private Military Firms, Conflict Resolution and the Future of NATO

The end of the Cold War marked the beginning of a new world order and an end of regional strategic patronage of superpowers. Withdrawing support to client regimes created a power void that prompted developing countries – which previously relied on major powers for their security and stability – to look somewhere else to provide them with (at least) their military needs. In addition, the demise of communism meant the repudiation of supra-national ideologies; those that once in history clearly…

Issue 1:1

Marie-Eve Desrosiers

Demos and Ethnos: Dangerous Democratisation in Pre-Genocide Rwanda

The last decades of the twentieth century witnessed a worldwide wave of democratisation. In Sub-Saharan Africa alone, twenty-one states had, by 1990, embarked on a process to liberalise their political arena, leading to the ousting of eleven authoritarian leaders. The democratisation process in many of these countries was the result of a combination of internal contention and international pressures. In a number of instances, the process ran parallel to the emergence of a civil society, or at…

Issue 1:1

Charles A. Robinson

Humanitarian Intervention, Dirty Hands, and Deliberation

Let’s begin with a short exegesis of humanitarian intervention couched in terms of just war theory (JWT), in order to establish some practical and moral guidelines for the former. Of course, these criteria of action are meant as relatively specific and tight practical and moral constraints for the purposes of establishing the legitimacy of wars before, during, and after conflict and/or humanitarian intervention. As such, no war could claim to be completely just in the sense to be explained…

Issue 1:1

Karel B. Muller

Search for a European Identity - Psycho-Sociological Perspective

Many authors distinguish between collective and individual identity, or between the collective and individual dimensions of identity (e.g. Calhoun 1994, Taylor 1989). At first glance it seems quite obvious that European identity is a collective identity or a collective dimension of identity. On closer inspection we find that both identities (and its dimension) are bound together and both are a part of personal, subjective identity. The collective dimension arises, manifests and transforms…

Issue 1:1

Jaroslav Petrik

EU Official Development Aid to the Palestinian Authority and the Rise of Hamas

The economic situation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip is to a large extent determined by its security condition. Given that a considerable part of Palestinians work on Israeli territory, the 2000 intifada followed by the closure of the borders, stringent checkpoint controls and eventually leading to the construction of a security barrier physically barring Palestinians from crossing to Israel outside regular checkpoints, brought a 16 % increase in unemployment and 33 % drop in average per…

Issue 1:1

Ilan Danjoux

The Political Cartoon and the Collapse of the Oslo Peace Process

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has long been challenging to researchers. The nature of the conflict appears, at times, to defy both the material interests and strategic rationality of the warring parties. The struggle has been described as possessing a primordial intensity, unpredictability and elusiveness that weighs heavily on academic research. Middle East experts have long understood the fundamental role of identity and symbolic rationality stating that “no student of Middle East politics…

2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2