Indonesia’s Role towards Myanmar in Assisting to Resolve the Humanitarian Crisis in Rohingya (2014-2018)
This research aims to analyse the forms of role carried out by Indonesia during the Joko Widodo administration in assisting to resolve the humanitarian crisis in Rohingya. To analyse this, researchers firstly explore the elements that formed the role of Indonesia by tracing the national role conception of Indonesia (ego's role conception) and role recommendations of Indonesia (alter's prescription), both of which formed Indonesia's position in international relations. This position determines the performance of Indonesia's role in the form of decisions or actions through its foreign policy towards Myanmar in assisting to resolve the humanitarian crisis in the Rohingya. This research uses qualitative methods by collecting data through interviews with a number of relevant informants and studies of documentation. The analysis is guided by national role conception of K.J. Holsti. This research found that Indonesia's role in assisting to resolve the humanitarian crisis in Rohingya was identified as a Regional Leader in ASEAN by making the Rohingya issue a joint humanitarian concern in various forms of meetings in ASEAN; the role of Indonesia's Faithful Ally's towards Myanmar by offering help as a mediator in opening dialogue for other actors to support conflict resolution in the Rohingya; the role of Indonesia as a Mediator-Integrator who intensively communicates with Myanmar and opens communication with various international actors both countries and international organisations; Indonesia plays the role of Active Independent that acts in accordance with its national interests without pressure from external parties.
Keywords: National role conception; Myanmar; Rohingya; humanitarian crisis.